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Editor’s note: This article is from the micro-channel public number “blackboard insight” (ID: heibandongcha), Author: source of krypton 36 release authorized.
Introduction
As an indispensable and important part of the learning process for teenagers, extracurricular tutoring has played a considerable role in the growth of children, not only in China, but also in the United States across the ocean.But what we don’t know is that the price of after-school tutoring in the United States far exceeds our expectations, and the cost of comprehensive quality training is almost unimaginable for working families.The extracurricular tutoring classes in the United States for the purpose of further education are the exclusive “university tickets” for the rich.
01 Happiness Education actually has no money to go to advanced tutoring classes
The establishment of extracurricular tutoring in the United States has been relatively early in development and has accumulated more experience, forming a complementary educational tutoring system between the government, enterprises, schools and families.The happiness education advocated by American education “lives” in the same educational environment as the rather difficult SAT test, which obviously has many contradictions.
According to surveys by the Associated Press and a public affairs research center, nearly two-thirds of Americans could not provide a thousand dollars for emergency.According to a survey by the Federal Reserve Board last year, 47% of Americans could not even provide $400 for emergency.A mother who emigrated from Beijing to the United States more than 20 years ago and sent her child to “Ivy League” admitted that the child would spend hundreds of dollars per piano lesson.
But for families who can’t support their children’s expensive extracurricular tutoring, American law also stipulates that children under 12 years of age are not allowed to be left alone in the home without an adult. For children who leave school at two or three in the afternoon, extracurricular tutoring becomesThe only option for most parents.
At present, after-school tutoring in the United States can be roughly divided into four parts: one is a social education and training institution whose main purpose is to improve children’s academic performance; two is a government-led extracurricular tutoring program; three is voluntary private tutoring; four isExtracurricular interest classes to improve students’ comprehensive literacy.
1. Government education funding shrinks and the rise of social education
In the United States, the audience of social education and training institutions is mainly composed of two groups: students with learning disabilities or learning difficulties in certain subjects, or senior students choose to participate in tutoring classes to better test the academic ability (SAT) Or college entrance examination (ACT).
According to the different needs of the serving population, education and training institutions in the United States can be roughly divided into tutoring services and test preparation centers.According to the age division of students, it can be understood as “care-giving tutoring institution” and “college-advising tutoring institution”.
The former is aimed at children from preschool to elementary school grade 6 and emphasizes the role of caregiving and weakens the function of learning guidance.The latter is a junior high school course, SAT test tutoring courses for children who are 12 years old or students who are facing pressure to enter the university, and tutoring courses for math and reading.Generally speaking, American high schools do not provide SAT or ACT remedial courses. Students who expect to enter prestigious schools can only use extracurricular tutoring to improve their competitiveness.
In 2011, the US federal government invested $134 million under the “No Child Left Behind Act” for private tutoring courses for students from low-income families.However, according to the Sacramen to Business Journal (Sacramen to Business Journal), due to budget cuts resulting in fewer intra-school tutoring programs, more and more private social education and training institutions have begun to appear to close the gap with intra-school tutoring.
2. Government-led extracurricular to facilitate students’ extracurricular placement
The U.S. government-led extracurricular student placement and study counseling program solves the problem of after-school placement for working children.
American elementary and junior high school students are out of school earlier than in the country, generally from 2 to 2:30 in the afternoon, there is a gap with the working hours of working class, and US law does not allow children under the age of 12 to be alone without an adult.At home, children from families with insufficient financial capacity to pay for tutoring can easily be left unsupervised after school.Therefore, the US federal government has implemented the After Shool Program to solve the problem of placement and learning guidance for primary and secondary school students after school. Under this plan, the federal government implements a nationwide education program, such as 25%-30% of the average US student.There will be 3 to 5 afternoons per week to participate in the “After Schools Program” (ASPs), and the federal and state governments provide financial guarantees for them.
3. Relatively perfect private tutoring, mainly voluntary
Voluntary private tutoring exists in the United States, and the system is perfect. The main purpose is to strengthen classroom teaching, with extra-curricular tutoring.The general voluntary tutoring project is led by the school, including school district education administrators, primary and secondary school principals, university research teams, etc., and has formed a complete link with sufficient funds, talents, and venues.Due to the structure of private tutoring and its generally voluntary nature, the form of private tutoring in the United States is particularly flexible.
In fact, in addition to the United States, Singapore, Cambodia, Kenya, Japan and other countries with large geographical differences and development levels have relatively good development in private tutoring. It can also be seen that private tutoring has the potential to be widely used internationally.
4. Students from the top 100 universities in the United States participated in 4 extracurricular activities on average
There are many similarities between extracurricular interest classes in the United States and China, and the main goal is to cultivate extracurricular interest, but the main participants in the United States are college students.The degree of participation in extracurricular activities has also become an important indicator for the examination of students’ comprehensive abilities by famous American universities.And many children who want to enter prestigious schools will participate in extracurricular activities earlier to increase the chance of enrollment.According to survey statistics released by the US Census Bureau, 60% of children aged 6-17 will regularly participate in at least one extracurricular activity.
02 There is also underdevelopment in extracurricular education in developed countries
1. The system is developed and perfect, but the government has not invested enough
The development of the United States as a “superpower” is obvious to the world, and the same is true of the education system. The education system built between the government and enterprises, schools and families, and society and individuals can almost complete all the different education plans of all parents.For parents to reduce the burden of accompanying children.But since the financial crisis, US government funding for education has often been less than half of the plan.In recent years, the actual fiscal appropriation of the US government has not been optimistic, further reducing government expenditure in the field of education.
2. Give consideration to the public, but do not pay enough attention to vulnerable groups
In January 2002, US President Bush signed the “Let Not Leave a Child Left Behind Act”, which legally stipulates the school’s tutoring obligations, which is intended to narrow the gap between the rich and poor families and bring differences in the ability of children’s extracurricular tutoring.However, the current extracurricular education in the United States does not meet the needs of all low-income families. The schools providing tutoring in rural areas account for only 25%. The extracurricular tutoring received by children from low-income families is more of a way to reduce the risk of child management risk.Solution.
3. Obvious results, but insufficient teaching quality
The current American extracurricular education can be said to be quite effective in terms of improving students’ overall quality, reducing youth crime rate and students’ sense of classroom gain.At the same time, due to insufficient government funding, some teachers lack qualifications, lack of safe and stable activity space and other issues, it is difficult for many parents, especially the working class with low income, to choose high-quality teaching content in extracurricular tutoring.
03 Confidence in public education exposes extracurricular education to different situations
1. The United States is rich in extracurricular education resources, and domestic extracurricular education is more inclusive
In the entire basic education stage in the United States, school education is only a link, and the family bears considerable responsibilities.Abundant and diverse off-school education resources have played a great role in the cultivation of talent in the United States, but the problem is that not all children have the opportunity to enjoy these resources.
According to Professor Fernando of the Harvard School of Education, a sample survey in the United States in 2015 showed that only 12% of respondents expressed confidence in public education.Even if there is insufficient confidence in the public, there are actually very few families that can order sufficient extracurricular education for their children and support their children’s “full development”.
Compared with the United States, the price of domestic tutoring classes will be more acceptable, and ordinary families will report one or two extra-curricular tutoring classes for their children.At the same time, there is relatively more confidence in public education in China, which makes the gap of children’s education in schools narrow a lot, and there is no situation in the United States where they lose confidence in public education and choose to counsel.
2. American public schools are also involved in extracurricular education, and domestic schools are strictly prohibited from taking extra-curricular tutoring
The United States Department of Education proposed the “21st Century Community Learning Center Plan”, which requires public schools to extend the opening hours to provide children and the public in the community with after-school, weekend and holiday learning and activities.
Take the “After Schools Program” as an example. This is a national education project led by the government. The federal and state governments provide primary funding for primary and secondary schools and community agencies that apply for extracurricular education projects.It aims to provide a learning environment different from school education for the overall development of children after school.
In China, under the pressure of further education, parents seem to have higher score requirements for their children. Schools have difficulty in grasping the boundary between exam-oriented education and quality education on the scale of extracurricular education. Many extracurricular education is presented in the form of additional tutoring.The school is explicitly prohibited from carrying out extra-curricular tutoring in disguise.
Conclusion
Behind the developed economy of the United States, there are still many deficiencies in the extracurricular tutoring of the education industry. The fairness and quality of extracurricular tutoring still need to be improved. However, compared with most countries in the world, the extracurricular tutoring in the United States is stillIt is worth learning and learning from.For domestic extracurricular education, what is more needed is the diversified development of the United States. The integration of high-quality teachers to build a healthy and extracurricular tutoring system for domestic children, but in particular, it should also avoid the excessive pursuit of differentiated tutoring caused by scores., Truly regard comprehensive development as the focus of children’s growth.

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