Editor’s note: This article comes from the WeChat public account “Big Data Digest” (ID: BigDataDigest), author Liu Junhuan, Wei Zimin, 36 krypton released with authorization.
Abandoning partner Intel for 15 years, Apple announced that it will migrate its Mac to self-developed ARM chips.
Just now, in the face of the empty Apple Park auditorium, Apple CEO Cook and the developers who appeared on the screen in the image of Memoji witnessed this “historic moment” in his mouth.
Apple said it will invest in self-developed ARM architecture processors in the new Mac computer. The first Macs equipped with Apple chips will be available at the end of the year. The full transition from Intel to Apple chips will take two years.
In addition, at the most special Apple Developer Conference (WWDC) in 31 years, the highly anticipated new MacOS14, iOS14 and iPadOS14 were also unveiled, which was dazzling.
Due to the impact of the epidemic, this conference is not only the first online virtual conference held in Apple’s history, but also the largest developer conference to date, with a total of 23 million developers participating.
The empty Apple Park
Next, Digesta will take you to review what big tricks Apple has unveiled at this special developer conference this year~
Abandon Intel, release self-developed ARM architecture processor chip
At WWDC2020, Cook announced an “open secret”: Apple will release self-developed ARM architecture processor chips, although the new Mac will still use Intel Core series processors, but it is expected that next year, the first ARM-based processingThe Mac of the device can debut.
The slow increase in Intel processor performance has prompted Apple to switch to self-developed ARM architecture processor chips. Previously, according to reports, Apple has been testing ARM chips in Macs. The results show that its performance is better than Intel chips.
For Apple, this is a major shift away from the Intel-based chip from the Mac, Cook called it “the historic days of the Mac.”
It is expected that at the end of the year, Apple will release the first Mac with an Apple chip. At that time, macOS will support native iOS applications and macOS applications, but the transition may be expected to take two years, after all, the new version is based on Intel processorsThe Mac is still in production.
By shifting to self-developed processors, Apple is expected to improve the performance of its products to the new standard line, while also consuming much lower power.The common ARM-based architecture will also make it easier for developers to write and optimize applications on every major Apple device.
Apple is also designing the Mac SoC series with Mac-specific functions.
Apple will also update professional applications to accommodate the new chips of macOS Big Sur. Craig Federighi, senior vice president of software engineering at Apple, said: “The vast majority of developers can start and run their applications within a few days.”
Microsoft is also updating the Office series for the new Mac chip to support Word and Excel to run locally on the new Mac processor, and PowerPoint can even use Apple’s Metal technology for rendering.In addition to Microsoft, Adobe will also improve the software to adapt to the new chip. At the conference, Apple’s new Mac demonstrated Lightroom and Photoshop, as well as the 5GB Photoshop PSD and smooth animation running on this machine.
MacOS Big Sur will include a new version of Rosetta. Apple has previously used Rosetta to transfer PowerPC to an Intel-based Mac, and Rosetta 2 will automatically convert existing applications during installation.This means that even if the developer has not completely updated the application, it will work without modification.In addition, Apple also uses virtualization technology to run the Linux version on the new Mac.
Apple has also prepared a new “Quick Start” program for developers. The program comes with documentation and sample code. It can access laboratories around the world to help realize the transition to self-developed chips.Developers can also access the Developer Transition Kit, which includes Apple TV with desktop-level improvements (such as 16GB RAM and 512GB SSD).
The new MacOS14: Safari’s most changed system update
iOS14 hasn’t waited for a new version name, but the next version of MacOS will be renamed Big Sur. The Mac released this year will also be the first new design series product since 2012.
The biggest change is the new look. Apple said that Big Sur has undergone the biggest new design changes since MacOS 10.
The new operating system draws on many elements of Apple iOS, including a customizable control center, where users can switch the screen brightness and turn on Do Not Disturb.The new notification center is also very necessary. The new center can put all notifications and widgets in a column, sorted according to the most recent opening, and related notifications will be grouped together.This is the same as the corresponding interface of iOS, both are translucent.
In addition, the menu bar of Big Sur is now taller and more transparent, the font color of the interface will change according to the color of the desktop background, the drop-down menu is larger, and the line spacing has also become larger.Users can pin the most frequently used items at the top of the menu bar.
This is also the biggest system update in Safari. Apple said that the browser loads websites 50% faster than Chrome, and it will remain battery friendly.If the user hovers over the tab, the user will see the page preview, right-click the tab, all options on the right will be closed.
In addition, the new Safari also has a customizable start page, users can set their own background pictures and display content, also supports the browser’s built-in automatic translation, seven languages accessible reading world news.
Safari has extended support for other browsers, and also provides a dedicated extended storage in the App Store. This is different from many other browsers. Safari allows users to customize which sites and when the extension runs.In other words, users can also import history, bookmarks, and passwords from Chrome.
In addition, Safari also added privacy protection features, including a privacy protection report that lists cross-site tracking programs that the browser has blocked in the past 30 days, and a password monitoring tool that can automatically save the system after detecting a data breach.All passwords are upgraded to safe passwords.
Big Sur has a lot of simplified new designs, including mail, photos, notes and iWork.Apple introduced new search features and inline replies for iMessages, customizable icons and @symbols for group chats, a new photo selection interface, and other messaging effects, including Memoji stickers.Users can select up to 9 chats and pin them to the top of the conversation list. These chats and settings will also be synchronized on iOS and iPadOS.
The new version of Maps for Mac borrows features from the iOS app and supports custom guides, 360-degree location views, bicycle and electric car routes, real-time updates to get shared ETAs, traffic congestion areas, and indoor maps.The new detailed map will be launched in more countries, including Canada, Ireland and the United Kingdom.
iOS14: A long-lost face!
Earlier, it was rumored that iOS would be renamed to iPhoneOS, and this time it officially broke the rumor on WWDC, iOS14 will still be renamed.
In terms of functionality, Cook has shown you the latest updated version of iOS 14 generously. The biggest change that the new version brings to the main screen of the iOS system is: widgets.
Although widgets with different sizes can be accessed through “Today” on your current phone, in iOS14, widgets can be added to the home screen and live with the app.The way to add is also very simple, add and customize windows directly from the new “widget gallery”.
In addition, iOS14 also added a new “Smart Stack” widget, which can automatically display related applications according to the time of day.
iOS14 will also have a new “App Library” (App Library) view, which can automatically organize apps into groups and lists, and this view also allows users to hide apps on the home screen.It looks a bit similar to Android’s app drawer, but Apple also supports some other smart groupings, such as automatically extracting all Apple Arcade games in batches.
Another new feature is to add a system-wide picture-in-picture function to iOS video.Everyone who has used macOS may be more familiar with it. Hovering the video above the application, users can resize or fold it to the side of the monitor to continue playing in the background, and even support the use of FaceTime.
A new “App Clip” function will also be introduced in iOS14, which is mainly based on the fast application clip of the card, allowing users to access a small part of the application when needed, without having to install the completeapplication.
In the example, Cook showed how to access the parking app through NFC tags or coffee shop plans.Application clips support logging in with an existing Apple account, can be accessed again through the new application library, and can also be used with Apple Pay, just like ordinary applications.
To support this feature, Apple is launching a new QR code format that supports the simultaneous use of visual codes and NFC to quickly access application clips.
In iOS14, Siri will finally have a new view.When the user activates Siri, Siri will not fill the entire screen, just a small overlay at the bottom of the icon display at the bottom of the screen, and Siri can now not only send command messages, but also send audio messages.
Similarly, incoming calls and FaceTime calls will also appear as new, less noticeable pop-ups that will not take over the entire screen.
Like Google Translate, Apple will build a new Translate application in iOS14. This application will allow users to easily read based on multiple languages. The text or instructions in the message can be translated into 11 languages, supporting English and Chinese., French, German, Spanish, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Arabic, Portuguese and Russian.
News will also have new features.In iOS14, users can pin important contacts and conversations at the top of the “message”. In group chats, users can add new threaded conversations and remind a specific object.Of course, the new Memoji accessories also add more options, including masks and so on.
The new map is also getting new curated guides from companies like Zagat or AllTrails to provide better suggestions for destinations.The map also adds support for bicycle itineraries, and will also provide special guidance for cycling. Factors considered include altitude, bicycle lanes, stairs, roads, etc. This program will be launched in New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Shanghai and Beijing.
In addition to bicycles, iOS14 has also added a new EV routing function. The system can track the car’s current power, altitude, and weather, and guide users to compatible sites. In this plan, Apple said that it will cooperate with BMW and Ford, but has not yet announcedSpecific models.
There are many more feature updates on iOS14, such as CarPlay is getting support for custom wallpapers and new app categories, the new sleep mode can turn down the brightness of the phone screen after turning on Do Not Disturb mode, and users can finally set their own emailAnd browser options, Safari will remind users if they have leaked their passwords while browsing the web, and family mode finally supports shared subscriptions.
As for the release time that everyone is concerned about, Cook said that everyone waits a lot, and July will provide a public Beta version for all iOS users. iOS 14 supports running on iPhone 6S and later, which is supported by iOS13.The device is the same.
iPadOS14: iPad browser completely rebuilt
Although the iPad ushered in its 14th version update, but technically, iPadOS is not yet one year old.
At last year’s WWDC, when Apple announced plans to split the iPad-specific version of iOS, iPadOS was officially founded, but one year later, people also seem to be more inclined to think that iPad and iPhone still need to use different system versions, at least to say,IPadOS alone will look a bit cooler.
The most important improvement of iPadOS14 is that the application can adapt to the large screen of the tablet, which is why many of Apple’s own applications have been redesigned.In the new system, “Photos” and “Music” have sidebars that allow users to jump between different parts of the application, and “Calendar” has more controls at the top of the screen.
These changes may be less noticeable, but they enable applications to be found and controlled more easily and quickly.
In addition to this, another major update of the latest version is a complete reconstruction of the iPad browser. Apple calls the new browser Universal Search.The new browser can be used as an application launcher to find contacts or documents, and even supports searching within the application.
In fact, the existing search function has covered most of the functions, but Apple’s main change is to make the entire look more like Spotlight on the Mac. It has a more compact design that allows the search bar to pop up to the top of the application.Block the screen content.
iPadOS14 also received better handwriting support for Apple Pencil. The new function Scribble can convert the handwriting in any text field into actual text. It already supports English, Traditional Chinese and Simplified Chinese when it is set up.
Although the Notes program has long been able to search for handwritten text like typing text, the new version has updated it again, and users can specifically convert the handwritten content and use it where needed.
In the new version, iPad finally supports users to set up e-mail and browser applications, this update can be said to be too late.
watchOS7: Tailor-made hand washing detection system for epidemic situation
In addition to the above system updates, the smart watch also announced the latest version of watchOS7. The latest update comes with some new changes, such as Fitness renamed to Activity.
watchOS7 will be released for Apple Watch Series 3 and higher this fall, which means that users who want to use watchOS 7 will need at least one iPhone 6S with iOS14 or higher.
Functionally, watchOS7’s new Wind Down mode will be used in conjunction with the iPhone to enable a series of application shortcuts to pause notifications and set up Apple Music playlists.watchOS7 also has new so-called complex functions. Users can enable a richer combination of complex functions, such as customizing more detailed dials, and then sharing the surface with others. This is a new feature of Face Sharing.
For the new crown epidemic, watchOS7 has also customized a new hand washing detection system. This function will monitor the time of hand washing by calculating the running time and hand movements.
The AirPods headset also has more new features. The new AirPods can automatically switch between devices. For example, if the user is playing music on the mobile phone and then starts playing video on the computer, the AirPods connection can automatically switch from the mobile phone to the computer.
In addition, AirPods Pro also added a new “Spatial Audio” function for 3D sound, which focuses on the effect of “copying the cinema experience”.
In general, although held online, this is still a menacing and informative conference.As the world’s largest technology company, Apple fully embraced the ARM platform and self-research this time, bringing itself to a new level of software and hardware integration. This may be the most important transformation of Apple in the Tim Cook era.