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The AI ​​boom continues unabated, and technology giants are taking the world’s top talents

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Editor’s Note: This article comes from Zero Financial, author Yang Ya, 36氪 authorized to publish.As an important engine for the development of AI, AI top talents have become the “toon” in the eyes of global technology giants and AI startups.On October 19th, Xiaomi Group announced that AI voice recognition Daniel Povey officially joined Xiaomi.In September, Jeffrey Vitte, a world-class scientist, computer and big data theory expert, also announced his participation in the Baidu Research Advisory Board.The two scientific “Da Na” have joined each other and become another example of the domestic technology giants recruiting top talents from AI.In recent years, with the continuous increase of artificial intelligence, as an important engine of AI development, AI top talents have become the “sweet” in the eyes of global technology giants and AI startups. Domestic Internet companies and technology companies are also seeking talents.Every effort has been made to capture cutting-edge talents around the world, and an AI talent battle is underway.BAT has started the battle for AI talents in overseas BAT. The battle for AI talents has already started. The main battlefield is overseas. The AI ​​talents of Microsoft, Google, IBM and other technology giants, and the academic world “Da Na” have also become their main targets.As early as 2010, Baidu took the income of Wang Jin, the former vice president of Google China Engineering Research Institute, and kicked off the top talents of Baidu AI.In 2011, Baidu set up a research and development center in Silicon Valley, USA, and recruited high-end talents as one of its initial goals. They focused on AI talents such as Microsoft and Google.In 2013, Baidu Deep Learning Lab (IDL, later formed together with Big Data Lab and Silicon Valley Artificial Intelligence Lab as Baidu Research Institute) was established, and in 2014 released the “Little Shuai Program” to attract more globally.AI talents.The conditions given by the “Little Sacrifice Program” can be described as very attractive: providing T9 and even T10 ranks, starting with a million-dollar renminbi, not capping, and developing a mentor program. There are no shortage of Yu Kai, Zhang Wei, Xu Wei in the mentor team.Wu Ren and other world-class scientists.The attractive conditions also helped Baidu to recruit AI talents such as Gu Jiawei and Li Lei.Subsequently, in May 2014, Wu Enda, a heavyweight in the AI ​​field, joined Baidu as the chief scientist of Baidu. He was responsible for the leadership of Baidu Research Institute, especially Baidu’s brain plan. With the influence of Wu Enda, Baidu quickly recruited in the United States.A group of high-end talents.At this time, Baidu Research Institute can be described as a talented person.In September of the same year, Ali announced the establishment of iDST (Data Science and Technology Research Institute) in Silicon Valley.iDST is in Ali, just like IDL is in Baidu. With the appeal of top scientists such as Qiyuan, Jinyu and Tuzipei, iDST has attracted a number of senior scientists to join in. The scientific team is located in Seattle, Silicon Valley, Beijing, Hangzhou, etc.Ground.Later, in July 2016 and June 2017, iDST also ushered in the participation of Microsoft Asia Research Institute Hua Xiansheng and Amazon senior director scientist Ren Xiaofeng.In March 2017, Ali launched the “NASA Program” and proposed to build a strong independent R&D department for the next 20 years.The Dharma Institute is the entity that carries the “NASA Plan”.In October 2017, the Ali Global Institute, the Dharma Institute, was established and invited to the world’s top talents.The establishment of Dharma Institute has absorbed a large number of world-renowned scientists. In the first half of 2018, nearly 20 well-known overseas scientists joined the Dharma Institute, including AI talents from technology giants such as Facebook and IBM.Ali once again ushered in the peak of the influx of AI top talent.Compared with Baidu and Ali, Tencent’s looting battle is much late.In 2016, Tencent established AI lab in a low-key manner; from 2017 to now, Zhang Wei, the former vice president of Baidu Research Institute, Yu Dong, the former AI giant of the Microsoft Research Institute, and Liu Wei, a research scientist at the IBM Watson Research Center, have joined.AI Lab, a tenured professor of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Jia Jiaya joined the Tencent U-Lab.In order to better recruit overseas talents, in May 2017, Tencent also established the AI ​​Lab in Seattle, USA, and directly set up the laboratory at Microsoft headquarters in Seattle.In addition to BAT, Didi, Jingdong, Today’s headlines and other companies are also digging around, but in general, the domestic technology giants’ overseas destinations are mainly concentrated in the US Silicon Valley and Seattle, and mainly Chinese, Microsoft isExported a large number of AI top talents to China.The entrepreneurial army is aiming at the capital hotspots of domestic and foreign technology giants accompanying artificial intelligence. AI startups have sprung up, and their desire for talent is no less than BAT.Since BAT is located in the first echelon of the domestic AI talent team, AI startups not only target foreign technology giants such as Microsoft, but also target domestic giants such as BAT.For example, in the case of computer vision startups contempt for technology and smart voice startup Spirit, in 2016, Sun Jian, chief researcher of Microsoft Research Institute, was despised as chief scientist and dean of the institute.In July 2017, Ali Min, the head of the Ali iDST voice team, left Ali, who had worked for 8 years, and officially joined Spirent in August.The two big digging incidents can be said to be the epitome of AI startups joining the looting war.In addition to being hacked, more AI big cattle are directly joined the entrepreneurial army after leaving the technology giants such as Microsoft and BAT, especially the AI ​​big cows who have left Baidu, and most of them have chosen to start a business.The startups founded by these AI big cows have covered sub-segments such as autonomous driving, computer vision, intelligent voice, machine learning, and smart medical.Table 1: The AI ​​startups founded by some of the AI ​​big cows from the giant company. Source: public information, behind the battle for zero think tanks: the number of top domestic talents is far less than the violent hiring of American AI talents can map domestic AI talentsEspecially the scarcity of top talent.The scarcity of AI talent has always existed in China.As early as 2016, Zhou Ming, deputy director of the Education and Testing Center of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, revealed that the gap in artificial intelligence talent in China exceeded 5 million.With the rapid development of artificial intelligence, domestic colleges and universities have paid more and more attention to the cultivation of AI talents.In April 2018, the Ministry of Education issued the “Innovative Action Plan for Artificial Intelligence in Colleges and Universities”, and proposed the goal of “improving the talent training system in the field of artificial intelligence.” Major universities also began to set up artificial intelligence related majors, and AI became a new undergraduate professional catalogue.One of the major majors, 35 universities such as Tongji University, Zhejiang University, and Shanghai Jiaotong University has obtained qualifications for discipline construction.At the same time, many companies have already bet on the AI ​​track, and the demand for AI talents has only increased. Domestic AI talents, especially top talents, still have large gaps.Judging from the number of Chinese AI talents, according to the 2018 China Artificial Intelligence Development Report released by the China Science and Technology Policy Research Center of Tsinghua University, the total number of AI talents in China has reached 18,232, ranking second in the world, accounting for 65% of the US, butThe total number of top AI talents in China is only 977, ranking only sixth. The cumulative number of top AI talents in the United States has reached 5,158, which is 5.3 times that of China. China’s top AI talents are particularly scarce.From the perspective of the time of Chinese AI practitioners, according to the “Global Talents AI Talent Report” published by LinkedIn, the proportion of senior AI practitioners in China over 30 years is 38.7%, which is still huge compared with 71.5% in the US.gap.Figure 1: Sino-US AI field practitioners’ years of employment data Source: LinkedIn global talent big data, zero think tanks can be seen, the number of AI talents, especially high-end talents, the gap between China and the United States is still very large.For domestic companies, especially startups, senior AI high-end talents with rich experience are particularly important.Therefore, in order to obtain more top talents of AI, domestic companies represented by BAT will go overseas more, especially in Silicon Valley and Seattle in the United States. At the same time, startups or industry incumbents will have more matures in BAT, etc.The giant company of AI talents digging the corner.The three major factors that attract AI talents, however, are behind the AI ​​talents’ robbing, which also reflects the improvement of the attractiveness of domestic enterprises to AI talents.The Center for Science, Technology and Society of Tsinghua University has conducted a questionnaire survey of more than 1,000 returnee scientists. The top three reasons for these returnees are China’s opportunity, learning and growth.In recent years, due to domestic policy support, high capital heat, and accelerated application, the artificial intelligence industry has developed rapidly and has a vast space. The return of AI talents has become more apparent.In July 2017, the State Council issued the “New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan”. Artificial intelligence entered the national strategic planning period. The plan proposed that the construction of high-end talents should be the top priority of artificial intelligence development, and adhere to the combination of training and introduction.In the initial strategic objectives, the scale of the artificial intelligence core industry will exceed 150 billion yuan by 2020, driving the relevant industries to exceed 1 trillion yuan.From the perspective of capital heat, Element AI’s “2019 Global AI Talent Report” shows that China’s artificial intelligence investment and financing accounted for 60% of the world.The favorable policies and capital heat have given the artificial intelligence industry as well as the greater development and growth space for entrepreneurs and practitioners. Many AI big cows have chosen to leave the big companies to start their own businesses. More and more overseas AI talents also choose to return to China..At the same time, many domestic companies, especially BAT, have large-scale data and commercial application landing test scenarios, which can provide experimental applications for technical application and verification for AI talents. Many top AI talents mentioned data, applications and influences in media interviews.Force is a big reason for joining a company.Li Feifei, vice president of Alibaba, said that when he joined Ali, he said that Ali has a rich business scene and is a natural database. He can support various business training, do the best technology, and commercialize industrialization..Philip King’s vice president and head of the AI ​​team, Qi Yuan, also mentioned that Ali has a huge amount of data, has more computing resources than the school, and has more difficult and more responsible questions, and this is his interest.point.Dr. Jia Jiaya, a tenured professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, also mentioned in the Tencent U-Lab Lab that he is looking forward to relying on the massive data generated by the Tencent social network platform and believes that new opportunities will follow, and I hope thatConstantly expand new application scenarios, let artificial intelligence make sense to the public in reality.For the AI ​​big cows who leave BAT to start their own business or join the startup company, in addition to the capital fever, the startup company can focus more on a certain segment, closer to the industry in the segment.Chu Min, who joined the startup company from Ali, said earlier that the people who do the research are convinced that they want to do something that is influential, rather than just staying on paper. Joining the company is also a step by step.Approaching the industry..