Artificial intelligence is changing the way you see the world


The Translation Bureau is a compilation team of 36氪, focusing on science and technology, business, workplace, life and other fields, focusing on foreign new technologies, new ideas and new trends.Editor’s Note: By systematically distorting the images we see and create, artificial intelligence is changing our perceptions and ultimately changing our relationship with the physical world.When we rely on visual cognition to understand that the basic abilities of the world are destroyed by deeply falsified or artificially modified images, our ability to agree on basic facts will diminish and our social cohesion will suffer.This article is translated from medium, article author Sonia Klug, original title AI Is Changing How You See the World.Image: The Washington Post/Getty Images Earlier this year, my family and I hike to the Claigan Coral Beach on the outer edge of Scotland’s Skye Island.We want to see for yourself what the impressive corals we see in Google Search are.But after arriving at the destination, what we really saw was not the beautiful white beach and the blue-green sea displayed on the Internet, but the scattered coral fragments scattered everywhere.The same feeling is felt when I see the Elf Pool, a crystal clear rock pool formed by a small waterfall.I used to like to explore such places personally, but the scene I saw now made me lose any interest because it gave me a very unreal feeling, just like when you returned to somewhere in your childhood,Found that it is smaller and more worn than your memory.Our impression of the world is largely influenced by the images we see online.In the early 2010s, with the popularity of smartphones, digital photography flourished.Today, Snapchat users take 3 billion snapshots a day, and Instagram posts are liked 3.5 billion times a day, many of which have been bled by filters and retouching.Anyone with a smartphone can “shoot” images that only professional photographers and retouchers can produce in the past.However, the sheer number of processed photographs means that we are not using photos to reflect the world around us, but systematically distorting our record and perception of the world.Photography is increasingly representing the idealized version of our lives, and we have paid a price for it.“We know that fake photos can change our perception of the past, change our memories of the past, and even change our plans for the future,” said Dr. Kim Wade, psychologist, photography and memory expert at the University of Warwick.“The act of retouching may change our perception of the past and ultimately change our relationship with reality.” Although the algorithm always automatically increases the saturation and contrast of digital images, the introduction of machine learning is even more impressive: the number of shotsThe training of millions of images can teach the phone to identify what scenes they are shooting and which image features are desirable or undesirable.The Huawei P30 smartphone can recognize more than 1500 scenes and automatically optimize settings.If the phone detects a portrait, it will skillfully smooth the skin, blur the background, and use more discerning lights.Most smartphones today use HDR technology, which means that if the phone detects a high-contrast scene with too many shadows or insufficient highlights, it will use a different exposure image to compose a perfect photo..Artificial intelligence has also begun to show its strengths.Google Pixel Top Shot can take 90 photos before and after pressing the shutter, and choose the best one based on past data experience – perhaps the most brilliant one, perhaps the most beautiful one.Zhang.There are also filters and other applications that are often used to make everything in the photo look more refined and impressive.Most phones come with standard filters, and countless other retouchable apps, such as Snapchat and FaceApp, offer dermabrasion, bigger eyes, smaller chins, and more.Just tap your finger to convincingly make yourself younger.Even more frightening is that even a layman can use a software like FakeApp to “face” a character in a video, and the technology will soon “infiltrate” into our smartphone.However, no matter how knowledgeable and discriminating we think we are, research shows that we still have strong prejudice and tend to believe what we see in the image.Wade said: “Our research shows that people believe in photos too much, so that they can’t reliably reflect the past. People tend to be too confident in their ability to detect false images. If they are not sure, they tend to believe that images are real. Even ifIt is also difficult for people who often edit their photos to distinguish between true and false. “Continuous exposure to exaggerated images can make real life seem unremarkable and disappointing.In 2017, a study by the University of California found that the more people spend on social media, the lower their satisfaction with their lives, including some of the negative effects of evidence, such as some unrealistic depictions.The picture has negatively affected young women’s perception of beauty.Contrary to intuition, a 2016 study by the University of Warwick found that it is more likely to label “unprocessed” images that are unrealistically beautiful compared to unlabeled images.Let the people who see these pictures want to change their appearance.Plastic surgeons report that cosmetic surgery, which looks more like a mirror-held selfie, has increased by 47%, a condition known as ” Snapchat addiction.”“It’s very dangerous to standardize aesthetics with tools,” said Dutch artist Constant Dullaart, whose focus is on the standardization of digital operations, which is driven by for-profit companies whose business models areRely on maximum user involvement.Dullaart said: “Reality is an artificial construction. Thousands of people are accepting a reality that makes me feel depressed. This automated aesthetic strengthens this. The media is becoming dominated by these images. IThe most frightening thing is that children will gradually feel that they also need to abide by this aesthetic standard, physiological standard and behavioral standard.” Although photography has always been subjective, it always helps to shape our understanding of the world around us.Photography as a “sharing reality” is an important medium that allows us to communicate and create meaning. If photography as a medium becomes less reliable, we lose a channel and means of empathy.”The content of the Ethical Threats and Emotional Unintelligence in the Tech Industry”, Katy Cook, founder and CEO of the Center for Technology Awareness, said: “No matter what the content, the modified picture will weaken our reality.Understanding. Tampering with pictures of people or world events is not only confusing at the system level, but also one of the most serious threats to our current system, because it is actually suggesting that we cannot believe what we see, and this is with us.The concept of evolution is extremely inconsistent. After all, we rely on what we see and understand to understand the world around us.” “When this basic function is destroyed by deeply falsified or artificially modified images, our ability to agree on basic facts will be weakened. WeThe social cohesion will also be damaged,” she continued.But now, we are also very pleased to see that this kind of artificial reality has finally been resisted – #nofilter activities, the number of pictures currently on Instagram has exceeded 250 million.The rise of this activity shows that people are willing to respond, and this is the first step in changing our understanding.”From the photos under the filter blessing to the software that prompted us to change the appearance, and then to make us a little bit far from the real thing, we finally realized this.” Translator: Xi Tang.