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10 years of Forbes China’s rich list: from real estate to the Internet, the industry changes of the rich

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Editor’s Note: This article comes from the WeChat public account “digging number” (ID: washu66), the author digging the number, 36 氪 authorized to release. Digging a few days in-depth investigation of the Forbes China mainland rich list for the last 10 years, found many interesting points. 1. The rise of the Internet industry In 2009-2018, there were more and more people in the Internet industry in the top ten list, among which Ma Yun was the richest man in 2014 and 2018 respectively. In 2015, six Internet rich people entered the top ten, except Ma Yun, Ma Huateng and Li Yanhong, including Lei Jun, Liu Qiangdong and Ding Lei. In the top 400 of the rich list in 2018, Xiaomi is the company with the largest number of rich people in the Internet industry, followed by the US group, fast hand, and Tencent. Xiaomi: Lei Jun (No. 11,82 billion yuan), Lin Bin (No. 4,32 billion), Hong Feng (No. 302,7 billion), Huang Jiangji (No. 33,7 billion), Li Wanqiang (No.333) , 6.9 billion) US Mission: Wang Xing (No. 3,375.1 billion), Zhang Tao (No. 189.3 billion), Mu Rongjun (No.356, 6.5 billion) Fast: Suhua (No. 86 billion) ), Cheng Yixiao (No.123,149 billion) Tencent: Ma Huateng (No. 2,226.3 billion), Zhang Zhidong (No. 146.9 billion) 2, the real estate industry richest, although the top ten richest people are the Internet industry, But the top 400 richest people still account for the majority of real estate. The richest three people in the real estate industry in 2018 are: Xu Jiayin (No. 3, 212.5 billion yuan), Wang Jianlin (No. 4, 156.6 billion), Yang Huizhen (No. 6,118 billion) 3. Hengrui Medicine is the richest person In 2018, 6 people entered the rich list in front of 4004. Before 2009-2018, the wealth of the richest people in the ten richest people increased by 5 times. The assets of the richest man increased from 39.6 billion in 2009 to 238.7 billion in 2018. 5. Ma Yun and Xu Jiayin have the fastest growth in wealth. 6. Some people have been in the list of Ma Huateng and Li Yanhong in the past 10 years and entered the top ten in the list for 10 years; He Xiangjian (the founder of the United States) and Wang Jianlin have entered the top ten in 10 years in 10 years. 7. Someone disappeared Li Hejun (founder of Hanergy Film) in 2013 and 2014 twice in the top ten, and then disappeared, even the list of 400 before 2018 did not have him. 8. The stock market created the rich. In 2014, Alibaba went public in the US. Ma’s net worth rose from 43.3 billion in 2013 to 119.3 billion in 2014, an increase of 2.75 times. In 2014, JD.com went public in the US, and Liu Qiangdong’s net worth rose from 8.2 billion in 2013 to 43.4 billion in 2014, a 5.3-fold increase. 9. The wealth gap between China and the world’s richest people is narrowing. In 2009, the world’s richest man Bill Gates’ assets were 40 billion US dollars, 6.9 times that of China’s richest man Wang Chuanfu’s 5.8 billion US dollars; in 2009, only 3 people in China entered the top 100 global rich list. Three people are from Hong Kong, China; in 2018, the world’s richest man Bezos has assets of $112 billion, three times that of China’s richest man Ma Yun’s $36.7 billion; in 2018, 15 Chinese people entered the top 100 global rich list, and two-thirds came from mainland China. . Let’s review the 2009-2018 rankings together and learn about the wealth story of the year. Wang Chuanfu, who has never appeared in Top20 in the 2005-2008 rankings, suddenly became the richest man in China, all of which stemmed from Buffett’s “point stone into gold”. In September 2008, Buffett subscribed for a 10% stake in BYD for HK$1.8 billion. After the news came out, BYD’s stock went crazy all the way, and it rose six times in 2009. Lu Xiangyang, ranked fourth, is the cousin of Wang Chuanfu. In 1995, he invested 2.5 million and founded BYD with Wang Chuanfu. This year, Wang Jianlin has not put forward a “small goal”, ranking tenth. The Internet industry is still not so hot. Only Ma Huateng has entered the top ten, and three of the real estate industry have entered the top ten. On March 23, 2010, Google announced its withdrawal from China. This move made Baidu’s share price tripled in 2010, and Li Yanhong’s net worth increased from 19.8 billion in 2009 to 48 billion in 2010, becoming the richest list. Two.更传奇的是李锂夫妇,其公司海普瑞药业这一年在A股上市,开盘首日市值飙升到接近1000亿,可惜到了2011年即跌去70%,夫妇二人仅上榜1年就跌下神坛。去年第一的王传福跌到第十,身家少了100亿,原因是比亚迪业绩不佳,股价大跌。相比靠股价发家,宗庆后靠的是实实在在的业绩,娃哈哈营收在2010年第一次超过500亿,据媒体报道宗庆后持股高达80%。这一年是百度的高光时刻,2011年3月24日,百度市值460亿美元,超过了腾讯的445亿美元,中国互联网市值第一的头衔首次易主,而李彦宏的财富也增长了100亿。当时阿里巴巴还在港股上市,市值仅500亿港元左右,跟百度腾讯相差甚远。排名第三、第四的刘氏家族有兄弟四人,老大刘永言掌管大陆希望公司,老二刘永行掌管东方希望公司,老三刘永美负责华西希望公司,老四刘永好则负责新希望集团,在70年代开始流行“万元户”这个说法时,他们的资产已经过亿。服装行业第一次进入前十,值得一提的是森马旗下的巴拉巴拉已连续多年蝉联童装销量之首。得益于腾讯股票的增长,马化腾的财富从2011年的274亿增长到503亿,而李彦宏则缩水了70亿。值得一提的是这一年阿里巴巴从香港退市,而马云的财富也增长到了214亿,排名第11。王健林表现抢眼,资产翻倍,得益于万达横跨地产、酒店、文旅和连锁百货的多元发展,这一年万达开始了海外并购,花26亿美元收购美国AMC影院,又投资7亿英镑在伦敦建酒店。这一年中国经济开始放缓,排名前100的富豪资产较上年缩水7%。有赖于房地产价格的回升,这一年地产富豪们大多资产翻倍,杨惠妍从去年的277亿飙升到439亿,王健林也从504亿到今年的860亿,荣登榜首。值得注意的有2个人,一个是阿里巴巴的马云,他的资产成功翻倍,排名从去年的11位上升到第8,有史以来第一次名列前10,这时距离阿里巴巴的赴美上市还有1年(2014年9月)。另外一个是李河君,他持有光伏和水电发电企业汉能控股超过97%的股份,他还是当时前十富豪中唯一拥有两架私人飞机的富豪,他的崛起颇具争议。互联网行业第一次有3个人挤进前十,“BAT”这个说法也开始在网上流行。这一年是互联网爆发的一年,前十有5家互联网企业创始人,其中有3位因为企业的上市而财富暴涨。得益于阿里巴巴的赴美上市,马云的身家从去年的433亿暴涨到1193亿,荣登榜首。得益于京东的赴美上市,刘强东成功挤进前十。雷军则是得益于两家公司的上市,分别是2014年6月上市的迅雷和2014年5月上市的猎豹,不过最大的原因还是其持股30%的小米估值上升到400亿美元。得益于A股上市的万达电影股价10倍的涨幅,王健林重夺首富之位。有人得意则有人失落,2015年由于百度业绩不佳,股价跌去20%,李彦宏财富缩水30%。值得注意的是这年乐视的贾跃亭财富暴增,飙到了第17名,还有无人机公司大疆的创始人汪滔也首次入选,以36亿美元排名38位。去年榜单第5的李河君由于公司巨亏,股票在港股停牌,自此他也告别了富豪榜。得益于顺丰快递借壳上市成功,股价暴涨4倍,王卫在这一年成功上位第四。得益于网易在电商方面的突破,其股价2016年上涨30%,丁磊也由此超越百度的李彦宏。The biggest black horse of the year belongs to Yao Zhenhua. The purchase of Vanke’s equity has increased his wealth by 820%. In the past year, his wealth has risen by almost 1 billion per week. Unfortunately, he was revoked after 1 year of illegal use of insurance funds. Qualified and banned from the insurance industry for 10 years. Evergrande’s profit increased nine-fold this year, and the company’s share price rose five-fold, successfully promoting Xu Jiayin as the new richest man. Tencent’s reading group was listed in Hong Kong, and Ma Huateng’s net worth increased by 100 billion, surpassing Ma Yun’s second promotion. In this year, A shares plummeted 25%, and the wealth of the rich has shrunk. Only Wang Jianlin and He Xiangjian’s assets have increased slightly. After 10 years of turbulence, the change of the rich is actually looking at the history of change in China. From real estate to the Internet, the industry of the rich is changing, and the engine of national economic growth is also changing. Which industry will attract the most wealth in the next 10 years. I can’t wait, pick up the pen and prepare to record it all! .

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